The origin of the butterfly chair
As the name suggests, "the Butterfly chair" is shaped like a butterfly in flight, and it was designed by three Argentine architects, leading to the frequent joke "butterflies in threes." But people in the design industry probably think "butterfly" is too vulgar, still used to abbreviate the designer's name "the BKF chair", who did not know that it is two different chairs.
This chair is a folding chair, with steel pipe folding molding shelf, leather, textile soft surface on the "set hanging" on the shelf, the high-end two points into the back part, and the low-end two points is the armrest part, the form like a butterfly, so the street convention called "butterfly chair". This chair is one of the most popular folding wilderness chairs in the world.
The Butterfly Chair was designed and built in Buenos Aires in 1938 by three Argentine architects named Antonio. Antonio Bonet, Juan. By Juan Kurchan and George W. Jorge Ferrari Hardoy. Although far away in Argentina, all three have followed international masters, and all three have been in Paris. He worked at studio Le Corbusier, where he learned the principles of modern design and was greatly influenced by him. It was there that the three of them met. Back in Buenos Aires, they set up a design firm called Grupo Austral, where the chair was created, using the initials of the three surnames, from "Bonet-Kurchan-Ferrari" to BKF, the chair is also called "the BKF chair". However, in the whole design process, Bonnet was less involved, and Hadoy was the most important. After the mass production of the chair, the manufacturer called it "the Hardoy chair". The earliest design in 1938 was made with two curved steel pipes and brown leather sheathing over them. At the time, steel pipes were painted black. Later, many changes, steel pipe is mostly replaced with stainless steel, aluminum, both leather, there are a variety of colors of textiles.
The chair is popular because of its simple structure, folding, portability, modern form and interesting styling. There is also a unique way of "lining" the leather face to the metal tube frame. However, this structure does not originate from the "butterfly chair", but has been around for a long time. In terms of design, it is not easy to say which one is "original". To say "butterfly chair" is original, some people will take earlier similar chairs to "beat bricks". If the metal frame and soft surface of this chair can be traced back to the 1870s, when a similar chair was used for meeting during the election campaign. The chair is different from the "butterfly chair" in shape and similar in structure.
In 1938, three architects came up with the Butterfly Chair when they were designing a modern apartment in Buenos Aires. They didn't intend to make anything important, but simply designed a simple folding, portable chair for the apartment. In 1940 the chair was sent to the 3rd Salon de Artistas Decoradores exhibition in Argentina, where it was presented to Edgar Jr., director of design at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Edgar Kaufmann Jr. found it and liked it so much that he contacted the designer to buy some of the chairs, and Hadoy, knowing the importance of momA, immediately sent Kaufmann three chairs that were made during the design period, the prototype chairs, and they were experimental, It's all handmade, and from the point of view of design history, these three are very valuable. One of them is in the permanent collection of the Design Department of the Museum of Modern Art in New York and is on display all the time, and that's where I first saw this chair, in its original form; The second was bought by Kaufman and housed in the Kaufman family's villa outside Pittsburgh, the famous American architect Frank. A third,the Fallingwater (also known as the Kaufmann House), designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, was never found in the United States. So it's always said in the collecting world that anyone who finds a third "butterfly chair" sent from Buenos Aires in 1940 will have missed a big leak.
Kaufman praised the "best efforts of modern chair design", saying it was the "best efforts of modern chair design", Hans Knoll, the boss of Knoll, a large American furniture company, knew the commercial value of the chair immediately, so he bought the rights to make the "Butterfly chair" and, when it was introduced in 1947, it became the mainstay of Knoll's leisure furniture line. This chair has become extremely fashionable and popular in the United States, and this chair has long been popular, and in 2013, the female designer Barbara. Barbara Gimenez Weinbaum (Barbara Gimenez Weinbaum) combined the two into one, called "double butterfly chair", can be folded, two people can sit, many family outing, with single, double two kinds of "butterfly chair", more comfortable and elegant.